Eurasia and Asia
Starting from 2013, the Valdai Discussion Club programme on Eurasia has been the flagship project for conceptualization and discussion the issues concerned with the Russia’s turn to the East. Since 2015, the Valdai Club has been considered to be the leading think tank on international cooperation in the Eurasian space. Each year the Club holds a series of events, such as the Asian Regional Conference, the Kazakh-Russian Expert Forum, the Russian-Chinese Conference, which bring together the acknowledged experts in their respective fields. Moreover, it takes part in the drawing up of the programme of the Eastern Economic Forum. All the events go hand-in-hand with in-depth analysis in the form of regular reports and papers. In 2018, the programme focuses on the development of the Comprehensive Eurasian Partnership and the Eurasian integration process. Another research field is the strengthening of Russia’s positions in the region through making practical recommendations to intensify Russian economic and political involvement in the regional cooperation.
Between War and Diplomacy: Hybrid Foreign Policy in the Digital Age
The term ‘hybrid foreign policy’ turned out to be frequently used, but it remains too broad and vague. At the same time, this is an example of how little we know about processes linked with the development of digital technologies that have already been in place and posed a significant challenge to the entire world system. States have to apply the so-called ‘hybrid’ leverage where they run out of tools that traditional diplomacy is capable to provide. One of these tools are sanctions that have been undermining the established global institutional architecture. All the aforementioned present a unique threat, which can be compared to the nuclear breakthrough of the 20th century in its effect. Hence, it is essential to look into what is behind the ‘hybrid’ policy and how it influences the global stability.
The US in the Post-Western World
The central problem of international relations at the present stage, which is expected to remain for years, is how the US adapt to the world that is changing without regard to US interests, worldviews, and ideological attitudes. Although difficult to outline, the new world order, which is going to replace the order emerged after the Cold War, will not be an American-led one. Therefore, it poses an unprecedented challenge to the US, which declared a historic victory of American ‘universal’ values, institutions, and development model just a quarter century ago. Thus, the Donald Trump presidency, fierce political struggle, deepening social division, the crisis of both leading political parties, and fluctuations in the foreign policy – they are a manifestation of the profound transformation the US have undergone in recent years. This programme aims to assess all the possible directions of US politics inside and outside the country, including relations with Russia, in their attempt to adapt to the post-Western world.
Emerging Global Commons and Related Problems
the dominant global trends today is the widening gap between foreign policy
driven by state’s pragmatic interests and the increasing global interdependence
that entails problems which are impossible to solve on the nation-state level.
On the one hand, there are so-called ‘Global Commons’, which importance is not
disputed. It consists of some basic aspects, such as air, water, and
biodiversity, but also encompasses global access to the social benefits gained
by the humankind. On the other hand, the concept of Global Commons often
contradicts the principle of state sovereignty. Supranational solutions, which
were considered to be a remedy for all problems before, are not so commonly
acceptable anymore as they are not shared in many parts of the world. That is why,
the lack of new approaches to this question leads to growing conflicts over
water resources, international migration, and environmental issues. Moreover,
the maintenance of the Global Commons frequently runs contrary to the right of
the poorest countries to develop since it cements the global North-South
divide. Is it possible to reconcile these paradigms to ensure global peace and
The Future of War
The technological advancement alters the nature of war. The conflict between great powers is no longer an unlike scenario, since it is possible to win a war with less resources and without irreparable damage. The world is on the verge of a new era when the cutting-edge military technologies have not been tested on the battlefield, but have already been adopted by the leading powers. How will the conflict of tomorrow look like? Will the mechanism of deterrence be as effective as it is? What impact will it have on military alliances and diplomacy? Will the new non-proliferation regime emerge in regard to new technologies? For the great powers, the war is very precarious scenario, but still potential one.
Between Openness and Restrictions: Shifting Balance of Power and Russia’s Strategy in the Global Economy
The global economy undergoes dramatic changes in the balance of power. China assumes leadership in the global liberalization process, making massive investments in infrastructure projects around the globe. Russia devises a new strategy to confront the challenges linked with sanctions imposed against the country. It builds up a new network of alliances to take advantage of opportunities that the turn to the East and Eurasian integration projects open up. What does the new balance of economic powers bring about? Who will be able to benefit from it?