Valdai Paper #66: Russia’s Allies and the Geopolitical Frontier in Eurasia
The risk of Russia’s involvement in low-intensity military conflicts has been growing since the early 2000s. Instability along many stretches of the border has forced Moscow to increase its military
Valdai Paper #65: Defense Through Leadership: Turkey on the Eve of Its…
The April 16 referendum will focus on power distribution rather than institution building. In other words, the organizers saw it as an opportunity to expand the President’s powers and allow him to

Vladimir Avatkov
Valdai Paper #64: Into the Unknown: U.S.-Russian Relations Unhinged
In the U.S. case, the known unknowns are numerous. They begin with the question of how much deck furniture Trump is willing to overturn in order to pursue an “America First” strategy.

Robert Legvold
Valdai Paper #63: Russia, China and ‘Balance of Dependence’ in Greater Eurasia
While Russia’s nascent Greater Eurasia initiative appears to be more ambitious in terms of scale, it is also more feasible due to the favourable balance of dependence.

Glenn Diesen
Valdai Paper #62: Azerbaijan’s Geopolitical Identity in the Context of the 21st…
Each state has its own geopolitical identity based on history, geography, civilization and religion. Azerbaijan's geopolitical identity has multi-layered features and connections to numerous

Farhad Mammadov
Valdai Paper #61: Canaries in a Coal Mine. Why the United States is Experiencing…
Events in the United States associated with the murder of policemen by black men are considered by the author as manifestations of terrorism. The main feature of them is that such violence is

Peter Turchin
Valdai Paper #60: Uncertain World Economy: Time to Manage the Global Governance
The world economy enters a new phase of prolonged recession without any breakthrough in sight. International community seems no longer capable of creating new global initiatives.

Hongyul Han
Valdai Paper #59: Anti-Elite Protests and the Future Of Democracy
The article reveals causes of the social protest and the emergence of qualitatively new components in relationship between the elite and society.

Richard Lachmann
Valdai Paper Special Issue. World Order: Quo Vadis? In Search of a Global…
Donald Trump's victory hit the very foundations of the US-dominated foreign policy consensus since the 1940s, and put into question the most important foundations of the world order à la America.

Dmitry Suslov
Valdai Paper Special Issue: What If… the Soviet Union Had Not Collapsed?
At the 13th Annual Meeting the Valdai Discussion Club holds a special session titled "What If… the Soviet Union Had Not Collapsed?" The Centenary of the October Revolution is approaching.

Oleg Barabanov
Valdai Paper #58: Prospects for the Transatlantic Trade and Investment…
The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) is by far the most ambitious project in the field of contractual formats of regional economic cooperation, combining traditional

Sergey Afontsev
Valdai Paper #57: Power-Sharing in Europe: Models for the Ukraine?
At St. Petersburg International Economic Forum in June 2016, Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi reiterated his government’s firm belief that the Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol model of conflict