Professor of Russian and European Politics at the University of Kent; Associate Fellow of Chatham HouseAfter graduating in History from the London School of Economics, he took a PhD from the Centre for Russian and East European Studies at the University of Birmingham. He held lectureships at the Universities of Essex and California, Santa Cruz, before joining the University of Kent in 1987. He has published widely on Soviet, Russian and post-communist affairs. Books include Communism in Russia (2010); The Crisis of Russian Democracy: The Dual State, Factionalism and the Medvedev Succession (2011); Putin and the Oligarch: The Khodorkovsky - Yukos Affair (2014) and Putin Redux: Power and Contradiction in Contemporary Russia (2014). His latest book is Frontline Ukraine: Crisis in the Borderlands (2015). His book Russia against the Rest: The Post-Cold War Crisis of World Order will be published in late 2017.