Climate change has become one of the most pressing challenges in the world. The IPCC-6 report released in August 2021 indicated that a minimum of 2 degrees of warming is inevitable. As a result, the COP-26 conference in Glasgow in November 2021 generated immense public interest.
In the face of climate change and land and water scarcity, world food security now features prominently on the agenda and global agriculture no longer appears sustainable. The most acute challenges include desertifi cation and massive droughts impacting large areas in the Sahel and Asia, including Afghanistan. They shrink range and arable land, fuel confl icts and can cause widespread famine and food shortages in entire countries. This will increase migration flows and cause humanitarian disasters.