The current political and social virulence presented by several Latin American economies almost simultaneously forces me to a recommendation before continuing reading: you should not try to understand the current crisis without considering the context. Neither the Bolivian crisis nor any other. And that context takes us back to the first part of the 21st century, when in several countries of the continent we attend our “spring”, which aroused much popular adherence and, in parallel, a fierce rejection of native rights wings. Lula and Dilma in Brazil, Néstor Kirchner first and then Cristina in Argentina, Chavez in Venezuela, Zelaya in Honduras, Lugo in Paraguay, Evo Morales in Bolivia and Correa in Ecuador, among others, were governments that worked for a more wealth distribution equitable Not only that, but tried (and tries) to institutionalize part of the project by creating organizations that interpret this new logic of accumulation of political capital (like UNASUR and CELAC, among other organizations). Today we are witnessing, it is known, a strong attempt at conservative restoration, neoliberal, which attacked and strongly attacks those governments and their representations: UNASUR no longer exists, and CELAC is dying in the hands of the revived OAS, an old politician US instrument who has gained unusual relevance by being the central protagonist of the uprising against Morales.
The persecution with much of lawfare, the fingerprints of the State Department throughout the subcontinent and a significant amount of local minions and very conservative social groups (Catholic Christians, evangelists) and racists, all together acting to change the axis that has made wobble their privileges and equate some of the most inequitable societies in the world (such as Chile, for example), are all forces now operating in Bolivia. That conservative reaction, which imprisoned and / or illegitimately removed control of power from that progressive current, in Bolivia is rightly the head of one of the most successful projects of this experience. The numbers that Evo Morales' management can show surprise, but nobody is naive: it is the first time that a Bolivian president resembles his people, by ethnicity, culture and political trajectory. In the mouth of Evo Morales himself, “they do not accept that the social and indigenous movements are president. They do not accept our social programs that, under a policy of redistribution of wealth, lower extreme poverty. They did not forgive us the nationalization of hydrocarbons and natural resources. ” The synthesis sometimes also works: lithium is in Bolivia, copper in Chile, in Venezuela oil and in Paraguay, Argentina and Brazil, soybeans.
There is brutality and violence manifested in the forced resignation of Morales, and it’s evident the illegitimacy of the political and institutional actors who intervened immediately and do so today, trying to legitimize themselves facing the power vacuum they generated. Here is Carlos Mesa, Morales's main opponent and defeated in these elections, who was instrumental in this coup process, ignoring results in advance and declaring fraud long before the elections took place. Other important actors have economic power but no political representativeness (Camacho), racism that makes it so obvious that in Bolivia many intend to return to the precapitalist era. Today it is difficult to think what will be the definitive design of the institutional channeling of the country, because at this moment there are popular uprisings in many neighborhoods where the party of Morales (MAS) was a large majority, and they have decided to resist. Those who substantially improved their standard of living in this almost decade and a half of national and redistributive policies are not going to surrender easily. There is a self-proclaimed government but hardly recognized by a handful of countries until today but, of course, important and eager to forget Morales: the US and Brazil, among a few others. Not even the conservative Argentine government of Macri (who does not even want to consider the issue as a "coup d'etat") has yet recognized the self-proclaimed president.