There is no longer any ambiguity regarding the evolution of the international system. Moreover, in some situations, power politics can play a constructive role. So, in Eurasia, conditions are being shaped the formation of an extensive Eurasian concert, analogous to the European concert of the early 19th century, writes Valdai Club Programme Director Andrey Sushentsov.
The growing contradictions of the leading powers and military conflicts between them have forced experts to calculate new risks and create an especially nervous media background for an average citizen. But at the same time, these fault lines make the world more predictable. Opposing countries develop mutual deterrence strategies that prevent open conflict. In some situations, the return to power politics leads not only to more predictable international relations, but also to their stabilisation.
Consider, for example, the key international trends of recent years. We are in the midst of a novel coronavirus pandemic, which, as it would seem, has made international relations more complex. But let’s try to look at the fundamental processes that are not affected by these developments. The key trend among them is the formation of a polycentric world order, which is based on a new balance of power between the leading powers. The process of the formation of this dynamic equilibrium is occurring in the course of strategic competition between these countries.
The main field of disagreement and competition between the powers is the space for determining the principles of the functioning of the new world order the confrontation determines primacy in deciding these principles. The second key process is geopolitical acceleration a metaphor by which we describe the acceleration of the speed of political changes in the world. The leading powers compete among themselves, which strengthens their own sovereignty, primarily in the military sphere. We are witnessing a new round of the arms race, especially regarding missiles and weapons that can be placed in space. The acceleration of the pace of events, by strengthening the sovereignty of leading powers, increases competition between them and leads to the weakening of traditional unions. On the one hand, this increases uncertainty due to the fact that there is de-consolidation within historically existing blocs and partnerships, such as NATO. Noteworthy here is the recent friction between Turkey and France regarding the crisis in Libya. These trends are complemented by the general process of strengthening national egoism and separatism. Peoples, including small ones, strive for self-expression and in some radical cases require national independence and statehood.