CSTO has the necessary military power to deal with present geopolitical threats. The Collective Rapid Reaction Force (CRRF) and its peacekeeping contingent, together with East European and Caucasus regional groups of forces and the Central Asian Collective Rapid Deployment Force, comprise the organization’s military component.
The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) is operating in a complex geopolitical environment. In addition to existing challenges and threats, new negative trends have arisen in recent years:
- chronic instability in Afghanistan, which has a negative effect on the entire Central Asian region. Extremist and terrorist groups are attempting to infiltrate CSTO member countries to stage armed struggles for power, create a terrorist underground and recruit discontented citizens to further their political agenda;
- increased activity of radical religious and nationalist groups that seek to exploit social problems, activist sentiments (especially among youth) and interethnic conflict to expand their influence;
- increased activity of organized criminal syndicates, especially those engaged in drug trafficking and people smuggling. These groups use their illicit earnings to make inroads into the government and to expand their criminal activities;
- an arc of instability spanning the Middle East and North Africa has taken shape, creating more opportunities for groups and organizations to commit extremist actions, acts of terror and other crimes against the individual, society and the constitutional system.
These challenges, both new and old, demand an adequate political response from the CSTO. For this purpose the CSTO has developed a well-oiled mechanism of political coordination.
That being said, the CSTO also has the necessary military power to deal with threats. The Collective Rapid Reaction Force (CRRF) and its peacekeeping contingent, together with East European and Caucasus regional groups of forces and the Central Asian Collective Rapid Deployment Force, comprise the organization’s military component.
The CRRF is a universal tool capable of resolving conflicts of varying degrees of intensity, conducting special operations to thwart terrorist attacks and violent extremist action, as well as preventing and responding to emergency situations.
The CSTO is stepping up joint efforts to counter new challenges and threats to collective security, as illustrated by successful joint operations code-named Kanal, Nelegal and Proxy.