Independent expert, former Associate Fellow, Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House)James Sherr is a former head of the Chatham House Russia and Eurasia Programme (2008–2011). He is also an Adjunct Fellow of the Razumkov Centre (Kyiv), Senior Associate Fellow of the Institute of Statecraft and a former Bosch Public Affairs Fellow of the Transatlantic Academy, Washington. He was a member of the Social Studies Faculty of Oxford University (1993–2012), a Fellow of the Conflict Studies Research Centre of the UK Ministry of Defence (1995-2008) and Director of Studies of the Royal United Services Institute (1983–1985). The author of Hard Diplomacy and Soft Coercion: Russia’s Influence Abroad (2013), he has published extensively on Soviet, Russian and Ukrainian military, security and foreign policy. His latest monograph, The Militarization of Russian Policy was published in August 2017.