Shlomo Ben-Ami
Co-founder, Vice-President, Toledo International Center for Peace (Spain); Former Foreign Minister of Israel (2000–2001).

Ph.D – history (Oxford University, Tel Aviv University).

Previous positions: Visiting Fellow at St.Antony’s College in Oxford (1980–1982); Head, Graduate School of History, Tel Aviv University (1982–1986); in 1986 he became a full Professor and assumed e Elias Sourasky Chair for Spanish and Latin American Studies; Israel’s Ambassador in Spain (1987–1991); member of Israel’s delegation to the Madrid Peace Conference (1991); Visiting Fellow at e Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington (1992); Head of the Israeli delegation at the Multilateral Talks on Refugees in the Middle East, Ottawa,Canada (1993); Founder, Head e Curiel Center for International Studies at Tel Aviv University (1993–1996); Member of the Knesset, Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee (1996–2002); Minister of Public Security (1999–2000); Minister of Foreign Affairs (2000–2001); Member, Board of the International Crisis Group (2006–2010); Member, Board of the Commission for Nuclear Non-proliferation (2009–2010).

Selected publications: Scars of War, Wounds of Peace. The Arab-Israeli Tragedy (2005); Quel avenir pour Israel? (2001); Anatomia de una Transiciуn (1990); Italy between Liberalism and Fascism (1986); Spain between Dictatorship and Democracy (1980).