So, despite its own potential, it is important for Russia to make sure that the consequences of Chinas growing power do not jeopardise peace in Eurasia. Today, this peace can ensure security on Russias perimeter and allow it to focus on national development, as the Russian President has said more than once. It is important for Russia to encourage China to pursue a reserved and relatively predictable foreign policy against the backdrop of any challenges or threats that Beijing might see.
Many analysts interpreted the recent statements by US Secretary of State Michael Pompeo as an official start to a system-wide struggle against China, in which the United States will use all of its political, ideological, economic, and probably, military resources. These statements are expected and are a product of not only US-China relations but also the dynamics of the global balance of forces. The main reason of the conflict is not only the shortage of global resources, because the US wants to preserve its former level of extracting profits from the entire international system, while China seeks to attain resources for economic development.
The laws of global politics that are linked with the nature of relations between groups are beyond the limits of primitive political economics. Despite its recent erroneous interpretation, the main challenge in international politics according to Thucydides is not a striving of one country to replace another. The US doesnt necessarily follow this philosophy but rather proceeds from its own experience because it suits it better.
Conceptually, this understanding is embodied in the main idea of John Mearsheimer: Great powers, I argue, are always searching for opportunities to gain power over their rivals, with hegemony as their final goal. This perspective does not allow for status quo powers, except for the unusual state that achieves preponderance. Instead, the system is populated with great powers that have revisionist intentions at their core. But even this view unwittingly leads us from methodology to practical politics. There is a different and much more alarming regularity the growing might of great powers as such is bound to result in the reciprocal strengthening of other states and trigger a conflict regardless of what goals are set by each country. The growing might of Athens fuelled Spartas fear. This is the foundation of the patently pessimistic science of international relations.
We see that this axiom does not leave China many options and it will have to respond to the cast challenge in one way or another. Security in Eurasia will be determined by how diversified Chinas economic and political might will be. Several years ago, China demonstrated its ability to take into account categories of cooperation. When President Xi Jinping proclaimed the One Road, One Belt policy in 2013 (called at that time the Silk Road Economic Belt), many analysts in Eurasia expressed a cautious attitude towards it, while politicians outside Eurasia didnt hide their joy over a China-Russia rivalry that they considered natural. However, in 2015, Chinese leadership displayed its usual wisdom. A treaty between China and the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) a major project of Russian foreign policy was drafted in three years. China showed its willingness to consider the interests of its partners, which was also a new experience for Russia, the interests and values of which were often ignored in Europe.
This year’s conflict between India and China also evoked concern in Russia and joy in the West. For Moscow, the confrontation between the two most populous Eurasian nations was a major foreign policy challenge. It called into question the future of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), which Moscow considers the central platform for regional cooperation. Moreover, this conflict could require Russias ability to build a balance of forces and interests of equal and powerful players that do not depend on it. At the same time, the actions of Beijing and Delhi have remained reserved so far. These states will not likely become fast friends but hopefully in the future they will act in their own interests rather than those of the US and its allies.
To be successful during a long-term conflict with the US, China must build its policy on the understanding that the historical period of one powers full or partial domination is over with the end of the liberal world order. Even if such intentions had existed, the absence of the combination of the ethical system claiming to be universal and the military power behind it would have made their implementation impossible. Blaming China for attempts to push the US from world hegemony, the US ideological machine wants to set Beijing at loggerheads with the rest of the world. Cooperation, reliance on institutions and fair solutions even in the interests of medium and weak players will allow China to reduce its own vulnerability in the face of an enemy that History is now presenting it with.