This report grouped Russia and India together believing that both Moscow and New Delhi were eager to improve the world order and eliminate unfairness in the treatment of their interests. However, they did not intend to dismantle it or make any revolutionary changes. The report also analysed China separately believing that China has achieved maximum benefits from the liberal world order, and now can influence the restructuring of the world order, Today, China like no other power has the resources to reshape the world order as it sees fit. In other words, China already has the ability to confront the United States globally.
This report focuses on an analysis of China and the United States international achievements. China's ambition and confidence have been on the rise due to its progress in battling the pandemic, naturally prompting many other states to follow its lead as a country that succeeded in neutralising the threat to its population, and even in helping other nations. The United States shows no sign of being able to move beyond straightforward competition as the main driver of development. It will have to reconsider its place in the world and scale back its ambitions, while China is moving in the opposite direction. The greatest threat to international security lies in the fact that the two are headed in opposite directions. Although this report presented a fact, this fact needs to be discussed. China has achieved success in fighting the pandemic, but Chinas rising ambition will not pose a threat to the United States, let alone create a major threat to global security. The United States has not acted like a driver of development because its understanding of post-Cold War world development trends is very different. The US position on anti-globalisation and US First! slogans hurt the US image in the world, and also harm most developing countries that benefit from the globalisation process. The USs poor performance in fighting the pandemic has shown that its vision of the global healthcare crises has serious problems.
China is on the rise, because it is constantly trying to integrate into the world and globalisation. With the help of reforms and open policies, China continues to develop, but the world is also receiving enormous benefits from China's development. The measures and positions taken by China to combat the pandemic are commendable; the world should not panic over its enormous ability to mobilise, and China's achievements in fighting the pandemic, even less so link China and the United States as threats to the international communitys security. China's development does not strategically intend to replace the United States, and China is not planning to become an engine behind global development, because China itself is the worlds fastest developing country. It just has to be emphasised that China is a developing economy with the fastest and most stable rates of development, which, in turn, is a contribution to global development. US-China conflicts and tensions are largely a process of the US trying to contain China through integrated approaches; a US-China decoupling actually means that the United States plans to cut off the various ties with China that have been established over the years in an attempt to oust China from important industrial chains.
This report compares confrontation between the United States and China and confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union, considering that the US-China confrontation will not reproduce the stable United States-Soviet Union model of the second half of the 20th century, i.e., the US-China confrontation is not based on the Cold War, but amid completely different international conditions. The players are different, and the US-China confrontation is an irreconcilable confrontation. This report offers different views from the past about the nature of the Cold War and US-Soviet relations, although these views are new, but we dont think they correspond to the history of that time. In fact, from the point of view of the nature of the Cold War and the main logic of exploitation, back then the Soviet Union and the United States, two superpowers, really were the centres of their camps orbits, and developed according to their own laws of development in the socialist camp and the Western camp, but the scope of the sphere of influences is not limited to nearby regions, but affects the entire world. The confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States included the implications of globalisation in all areas. The clash between them focused on social order, development priorities and lifestyle, which are ethical categories, rather than military, political or even economic matters, as set out in this report. On the contrary, the confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States was in complex areas, including political, military and ethical, and in comparison with the state system, military and ideological confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States, which, like a scythe on a stone, confrontation of ethical categories is not as important, relatively speaking, it is of secondary importance. Do not forget that the Soviet Union suffered defeat in the all-out struggle against the Western camp led by the United States, which led to a self-disintegration/collapse and an instant shift in the world order. Almost all of Russia's current diplomatic strategies and political choices are associated with the aftermath of the collapse of the Soviet Union, as well as the sudden embrace of the Soviet Union and the United States after a long intense confrontation.
In our understanding, the report just wants to emphasise the role of ethical categories in confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States, but this is already a sphere of speculation and philosophy. Since we are talking about philosophy, we must mention Karl Marx famously saying that the most important mission of philosophers is not to interpret the world, but to change it. It is especially worth emphasising that the Russian elite need to learn and revise the basic logic and internal factors behind the collapse of the Soviet Union. Limiting the confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States in ethical categories does rule out the prospects and possibilities of Russia suddenly falling into some traps.
It should also be emphasised that today's China is unlike the former Soviet Union. The biggest difference between China and the Soviet Union is that China has no desire or strategic intention to compete with the United States for global hegemony. It is also not possible for China to build a camp against the United States to compete with it for global hegemony. The rise of China is expressed through the economy rather than military-strategic supremacy, like the Soviet Union. China's economic achievements are hard facts, and China has the right to rise. The United States may not believe that China poses a threat to the world just because of its rise. The US-Soviet confrontation model will not be repeated between China and the United States, even if the US knows the road and is ready to motivate China to follow this scenario. This will not make any sense.
The report says that the players are different. China is now in favour of creating a community with a shared future for humankind, not for world domination. China and the United States' outlook on the world are at different philosophical levels. The United States continues to try to defeat China as a player with a Cold War mindset and Cold War tactics to contain China. It is impossible to achieve this goal for one simple reason: China is not the Soviet Union. Should the United States try to portray China as the Soviet Union in its day and use a decoupling approach to attack China, it may well hurt itself. The first Cold War player - the Soviet Union disappeared. Who needs a second global Cold War? Rest assured that China does not need this. China is the largest beneficiary of the liberal world order, the report says. Based on this logic, why would China destroy what is beneficial to it? Opening the veil of a new Cold War, which will soon be launched, we can clearly see that the United States, the largest developer and beneficiary of the liberal world order, is actively and deliberately dismantling the support columns and beams, which is making todays world order crumble and is pushing it to the edge of collapse. Perhaps, for various reasons, the report does not make it explicitly clear who is making this world order crumble. But it is already clear to the entire world.