Second, the declaration of Egypt's independence was a bold first step toward undermining Western colonialism. It was achieved at a time when Britain stood among the victorious powers of the First World War. The will of the people overcame those who’d won a world war involving the greatest European powers. That paved the way for other colonies in Africa, Asia and the Arab world suffering under Western colonialism to pursue freedom. It helped to empower them and deepen their belief that they could stand up against any colonising force for their liberty and self-determination. The Egyptian struggle against British occupation continued for the three following decades, until the British were completely expelled from Egypt in mid-fifties. Egypt provided a model that has been replicated by dozens of countries which have successively gained their independence.
Third, the West has never genuinely cared about democracy. Moreover it has been always ready to ally with "the Devil" to preserve its interests and gains. Among the most important consequences of the Egyptian Declaration of Independence was the 1923 Constitution. It was the first Egyptian constitution in which Britain recognised Egypt as an independent, sovereign state. The first totally democratic legislative elections were held in Egypt. The Wafd Party headed by the leader of the revolution, Saad Zagloul, won and formed the first popular ministry in January 1924.
However, the colonial power refused to accept Egypt’s democratic path. It sought to undermine the popularity of the Wafd Party and the entire national movement by supporting Islamic fundamentalists. Britain helped establish the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) with the aim of keeping the Middle East, especially Egypt, under control. This colonialism failed in its attempt to undermine Egyptian national unity by dividing Muslims and Christians, so it pitted Muslims against one another, dividing them into nationalists and fanatics. Britain was associated with the MB, when it was created by “Hassan Al-Banna”. Moreover, It financed him at the time with 500 pounds, as was recognised by Hassan Al-Banna himself.
Fourth, in every defining moment, Moscow has stood at Egypt’s side. When news of the Egyptian revolution reached Russia, Lenin sent his famous letter to Saad Zagloul expressing his support, and offering his assistance to the Egyptian people in resisting British colonialism.
Later, Mustafa al-Nahhas Pasha, the Prime Minister of Egypt, contacted the Soviet leaders through their ambassador in London, in clear defiance of British colonialism, expressing his appreciation for the struggle of the Soviet people to defend their freedom and land. Mikhail Kalinin, Chairman of the Soviet Central Executive Committee, supported Egypt in rejecting concessions and mixed courts, and relinquished the Tsar's rights to shares of the Suez Canal. Despite British pressure and the hostility of London, which had dominating influence in Egypt, towards the Soviet Union, demands were raised in the Egyptian Parliament to develop relations between Cairo and Moscow and to deepen the human ties that had emerged between the two peoples over the previous centuries.
Moscow showed great support for Egypt against British colonialism in international forums. During the discussion of the Egyptian issue in the Security Council in August 1947, based on the memorandum submitted by Egyptian Prime Minister Mahmoud Fahmy Al-Naqrashi Pasha, in which he demanded that British forces withdraw from Egypt and Sudan completely, only three members of the Security Council supported Egypt, namely the Soviet Union, Poland and Syria. On August 20, 1947, Andrei Gromyko, the head of Soviet delegate to the United Nations, announced the Soviet support for Egypt's demand for the expulsion of British forces from Egypt and Sudan, and delivered a highly supportive speech before the Security Council to Egypt in its struggle for freedom. Cairo and Moscow have shared a lot in common, and the partnership between them is self-evident; they are natural allies.
Although a hundred years have passed, there are many facts and lessons that are relevant to today's world. What is more like today than yesterday, with different details! The struggle for independence has not and will not end.