Can Duterte expand horizons of Philippine diplomacy and keep his Washington and Moscow plates spinning?

During his high-profile speech at the 6th annual meeting of Russian think tank the Valdai Discussion Club in the Black Sea resort of Sochi, with Putin there, he lambasted the Philippines’ historical subservience to the United States at the expense of developing fruitful ties with other major powers.

Criticising the country’s American-centric foreign policy, Duterte lamented the “oversight of [huge] strategic proportions”, which has pushed Russia to “the margins” of the Philippines’ strategic imagination.