The Valdai Discussion Club Foundation, in cooperation with its partners, launched a new research project on Eurasian integration with a workshop in Shanghai on November 16-17. The aim of the project is to examine the entire Eurasian space in four dimensions and from four perspectives. The four dimensions are economic, political, security and social; and the four perspectives are Russian, Central Asian, Chinese and EU/US.
Over 200 Russian and foreign experts attended the 10th meeting of the Valdai Club. The participants focus on analyzing the internal processes and external challenges to work out a vision of Russia in the future.
Evaluating Russia’s development index during the annual poll this year, experts of the Valdai Discussion Club spoke positively about the country's growing role in national, regional and global security, foreign policy and soft power. Most negative assessment was given to performance of Russia’s political institutions, public confidence in them and the dynamics of economic development.
The research poll analyses five basic valuable aspects of contemporary Russian identity. In particular, the respondents were proposed to reflect over following principal aspects: culture, religion, ethnicity, self-identification, patriotism etc.
This report is based on discussions held at the Valdai Club's Middle East Dialogue conference, which took place in Marrakesh, Morocco, on May 14-15, 2013. The event was attended by high-profile politicians from the Middle East and North Africa, including leaders of Islamist movements, as well as prominent experts, analysts and journalists from Russia and around the world.
12/30/201113:19 During the resurgence of Russia, specifically after Putin comes to power and Russia begins to regain international standing, when Americans finally start to sit back and think about what had really happened in 1991 in a comprehensive way.
12/26/201113:46 The role of one of the regional elites was absolutely decisive, namely, the Russian Federation. Yeltsin and the Russian Federation were the key factors in the fall of the Soviet Union. For Yeltsin, one of the few ways to get in the Kremlin was to essentially overthrow President Gorbachev
03/16/201110:54 The referendum on the preservation of the Soviet Union, held on March 17, 1991, was a desperate attempt by the authorities to stop the ever-accelerating process of disintegration by appealing directly to the people. Today’s attempts to spur integration among the former Soviet republics are in no way connected to the events of 20 years ago. Modern integration principles are based on common economic and security interests.
03/05/201110:14 The tragedy of the Russian reformers is that their contemporaries never understand them. Reforms are never popular because they involve the breaking of traditional institutions to which people have become accustomed. There is a psychological aspect to this: fear of an uncertain future.
03/03/201108:59 In the history of the 20th century, Mikhail Gorbachev stands alongside Vladimir Lenin, who set the entire course of the 20th century in motion, and Joseph Stalin, who was largely responsible for the Cold War. Lenin brought communists to power in Russia, something that changed world history. Gorbachev put an end to the Cold War and to the dominance of communism both in the Soviet Union and throughout the world.
03/02/201112:07 In German textbooks the collapse of communism, the downfall of the Berlin Wall, and the settlement of the East-West conflict are now more associated with US policy than Gorbachev and perestroika.
10/20/201009:00 Russia and Britain could begin a constructive dialogue. Russia is likely to persuade London to be more lenient on its European security initiatives, whereas Britain would probably like to improve cooperation with Russia on energy. However, the scale of this dialogue is limited. For the foreseeable future, the relationship between Russia and Britain will remain challenging.
10/04/201010:31 This fall marks 20 years since the reunification of Germany. On 12 September 1990 the Moscow Treaty was signed, apparently bringing the curtain down on the German question. On 3 October 1990, on the basis of the Moscow Treaty, the Cold War’s Eastern and Western Germany were reunified. Now, two decades later, it is time to consider whether the Moscow Treaty really did settle the "German question".
07/28/201009:41 The “Yeltsin's legacy” still determines the character of Russian-American relations. The Soviet collapse and the reduction of Russian resources encourage Russia to integrate into the new world order. But Russia has Soviet strategic potential. That is why Russia sometimes is doomed to be in the opposition to the contemporary world order.