Leader of the Democratic left Alliance.
Previous positions: former Prime Minister of Poland (2001-2004). During that period Poland was accepted as a member of the European Union. A deputy in the Seim (Parliament) (1991-2005), Minister of Labor and Social Policy (1993-1997), Minister of Internal Affairs and Administration. While in the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, carried out the research project “The Place of New Poland in Eastern Europe”.
Author of articles and publications concerned with the economic policy of the European Union and international problems. Book: “The Way It Was” with a foreword by Gunter Ferhoigen on the acceptance of Poland into the European Union.