Valdai Paper #28: Сivil Society in Conflicts: From Escalation to Militarization

01.10.2015
The problem of failed states becomes acutely relevant in the modern world. States cannot bear their responsibilities not only in the Middle East, Africa and Asia. The experience of Ukraine and Bosnia and Herzegovina shows, that this is happening in Europe.

The consequence of the public institutions ineffectiveness leads to the loss of the central monopoly on violence in favor of paramilitary, criminal and public associations. The militarization of civil society becomes a powerful driving force of the state policy. It is hard to imagine how one can pacify public passions in Ukraine, if the Minsk-2 agreement is finally fulfilled. After two years of implacable civil strife, instigated by influential mass media, Kiev may face strong public resistance to the settlement of the Donbas crisis.

In his article Raffaele Marchetti analyzes the role of civil society in conflicts. He investigates the ways where social forces are the main drivers of the conflict dynamics, seizing the initiative from the state. The relationship of identity, a failed state and the militarization of social consciousness is becoming an increasing cause of deep and protracted conflicts - now also in Europe as well.

Related articles

Saudi Arabia and Hariri’s Resignation: A Lebanese Explosion Delayed, Not…
22.11.2017
The resignation of Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri announced in Riyadh on November 4, 2017 has provoked a rumor that he was being held hostage by the Saudis. It has also disrupted the internal

Expert: 
Wassim Kalaajieh

Category:
Expert Opinions
Apurva Sanghi on How Russia Should Adjust to Rising China and India
22.11.2017
Apurva Sanghi, World Bank Lead Economist for the Russian Federation, talks about the internal reforms Russia would need to undertake to succeed as China and India's economies continue to grow in

Category:
Video
Despite Grave Times, Merkel May Still Come Out on Top
22.11.2017
History is full of bad outcomes and there is nothing that signals that a good outcome is guaranteed after Angela Merkel’s CDU-CSU bloc failed to form a government in Germany, Michael Stürmer, Chief

Expert: 
Michael Stürmer

Category:
Expert Opinions