Report: The Middle East in a Time of Troubles: Traumas of the Past and Challenges of the Future

22.08.2016

The Middle East today epitomizes major global trends: international processes becoming more ungovernable, the resurgence of power as a factor in international relations, the greater roleplayed by contingency, the world’s periphery and semi-periphery gaining in strength amid a crisis in the concept of the nation state and national identity.

The region has been transformed over the last five years, giving rise to trends that pose a threat to the whole world: the weakening or destruction of state institutions, bloody civil wars, conflicts escalating and spilling over into neighboring territories, humanitarian crises, the spread of terrorism evolving into a global threat. New alliances have replaced the old ones in the reformatted system within the region.

Situation in the Middle East, its institutions and economy, terrorism, balance of forces and Russian interests in the region are examined in this report prepared on the basis of discussions which took place during the conference "The Middle East: From Violence to Security" (February 2016).

About the authors: 

Vitaly Naumkin, Doctor of Science, History, Professor; Supervisor of the Team of Contributors; President of the Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS); Chair at the Department of Regional Problems of World Politics, Moscow State University; Advisor to the UN Special Envoy for Syria; Editor-in-Chief of “Vostok (ORIENS)” Journal of the RAS

Vasily Kuznetsov, PhD in History, Head of the Centre for Arab and Islamic Studies, Institute of Oriental Studies RAS; Head of the Centre for Political Systems and Cultures, Faculty of World Politics, Moscow State University; Programme Director of International Middle Eastern Studies Club

Nikolay Soukhov, PhD in History, Researcher of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Institute of Oriental Studies RAS; Senior Researcher of the Institute of African Studies RAS; Associate Professor of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia; Vice-President of International Middle Eastern Studies Club

Irina Zvyagelskaya, Doctor of Science, History; Senior Research Fellow of the Centre for Arab and Islamic Studies, Institute of Oriental Studies RAS; Professor at the Moscow Institute of International Relations (University) and at the Institute of African and Asian Studies (Moscow State University)

Related articles

Saudi Arabia: A Closed Society or a Stronghold of Progress?
17.02.2018
The question of Saudi Arabia’s future came to the fore after King Salman assumed power in Saudi Arabia in 2015 and his son Crown Prince Mohammad launched large-scale reforms in the kingdom. Saudi

Expert: 
Oleg Ozerov

Category:
Expert Opinions
How to Make Greater Israel While Trump Is Still in Power
16.02.2018
Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu’s governing coalition is currently considering legislation that would effectively annex settlements in the occupied West Bank. There was already an established trend

Expert: 
Daniel Levy

Category:
Expert Opinions
Does Syria Need a New Constitution?
15.02.2018
A provisional constitution might have its benefits, but it can also distort the legal framework in the absence of stability guarantees. What is the balance that could help Syria resume stable

Category:
Expert Opinions